Едромащабно картографиране и анализ на измененията в съвременните ландшафти за 50 годишен период в ключов участък „Богдая“, Северозападна Рила

Research Article

Large-scale mapping and analysis of changes in contemporary landscapes over a 50-year period in the key area "Bogdaia", northwestern Rila Mountains

Alexander Gikov

Едромащабно картографиране и анализ на измененията в съвременните ландшафти за 50 годишен период в ключов участък „Богдая“, Северозападна Рила

Александър Гиков

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Abstract

Maps of contemporary landscapes for 1966, 1980, 1997 and 2016 in key area "Bogdaia" have been made by processing and visual interpretation of historical aerial photographs and recent satellite imagery. The identified changes in the study area show that there is a clear trend of increasing the area of forest landscapes and decreasing the area of grass landscapes which are of secondary origin. For the same period, the transitional forest-shrub landscapes show fluctuations without a clear trend. The restoration of natural forest landscapes is explained by the changed land use and the almost complete lack of grazing in recent years. The process of natural forest landscapes restoration is more active in the coniferous landscape belt and on slopes with northern exposure while in the lower deciduous belt and on slopes with southern exposure component it is slower.

Keywords: Landscape dynamics, Landscape maps, Historical aerial photographs, Rila Mountains

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Citation / Начин на цитиране

English:

Gikov A (2019) Large-scale mapping and analysis of changes in contemporary landscapes over a 50-year period in the key area "Bogdaia", northwestern Rila Mountains. Journal of the Bulgarian Geographical Society 41: 23-30. https://doi.org/10.3897/jbgs.2019.41.4

 

На български:

Гиков А (2019) Едромащабно картографиране и анализ на измененията в съвременните ландшафти за 50 годишен период в ключов участък „Богдая“, Северозападна Рила. Известия на Българското географско дружество 41: 23-30. https://doi.org/10.3897/jbgs.2019.41.4

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